Jurong Aromatics Corporation, Aromatics Plant, Jurong Island, Singapore
Jurong Island plays host to most of the largest petrochemical companies in the world. There are more than 80 companies represented on the island, with facilities of one sort or another, which has required an investment of more than $24bn.
With so many refineries on the island, processing more than 1.3 million barrels of crude oil a day, it is hardly surprising that petrochemicals plants have also been sited there.
One of the latest facilities to be constructed will be the new Jurong Aromatics plant, owned by the private concern Jurong Aromatics Corporation (JAC) with ChemOne as the project developer. The plant was originally planned for start-up in 2011, but was delayed due to the financial crisis, but it is now on-track with restructuring of the shareholders and improving market conditions.
Ground breaking for the construction of the plant took place in August 2011. The construction is expected to be completed in 2014.
SK Energy is the major shareholder (30%) in the JAC. Originally, a stake of 60% was held by Jurong Energy. This stake was restructured in 2010. Other interested parties include Glencore (ten percent), Jiangsu Sanfangxiang Group (25%), Arovin (10.5%), Shefford Investments (9.5%), Thai KK Industry (5.1%), Singapore's EDB Investments (five percent) and Essar Projects (4.9%).
The new plant is expected to cost $2bn to construct and has been designed to produce 1.5 million tonnes of aromatics (benzene, orthoxylene, paraxylene, toluene, ethylbenzene) each year, alongside 2.5 million tonnes of fuel a year. Land for the refinery was provided by JTC Corporation (the body in Singapore responsible for administration of land in industrial parks).
The JAC project will use the Jurong rock cavern (JRC) to help meet its storage requirement. The JRC will provide 1.48 million cubic metres of underground oil storage space.
Technology at Jurong Aromatics Corporation's plant
The petrochemicals engineering company UOP Technology (a subsidiary of Honeywell International, Inc) was selected as the main contractor for the project in October 2007. UOP will provide the technology, basic engineering services and equipment for the new plant.
UOP's technologies will enable the plant to produce low-sulphur, environmentally cleaner fuels and aromatics. The technologies will include the UOP Merox process and the UOP Distillate Unionfining process, to remove sulphur and also to upgrade distillate materials to produce clean fuels.
The facility will also feature the UOP CCR Platforming process, UOP Parex process, UOP Isomar process, UOP Tatoray process and the UOP Sulfolane process for the production of aromatics.
JAC also awarded a lump sum turnkey contract to the construction company SK Engineering and Construction, the construction subsidiary of SK Group, for the construction of the plant and infrastructure.
The project passed a major milestone in February 2013 with the installation of a xylene splitter. The xylene separation tower, which will be used for extracting aromatics, measures 108m in height and eight metres in diameter, and weighs 1,147t.
Financing / support for JAC's aromatics facility
In February 2009, JAC announced that the start-up of the aromatics project would be delayed until 2013, now further delayed again until 2014. The decision was taken as the company was unable to secure or find funding for the project.
The company has held talks with Singapore's Economic Development Board (EDB) to issue funds under its Capital Assistance Scheme.
In January 2010, BP and other shareholders came forward to help with the project's financing. Following these developments, JAC announced that construction of the project would start in March 2010 and be completed by 2013.
The plans, however, were further delayed due to financial debt support for $1.56bn. The financing deal for $1.56bn was finally signed in April 2011. The plant will receive debt from the Korea Trade Insurance Corp ($618m) and the Export-Import Bank of Korea ($278m initially, with another $340m future guarantee).
The other banks providing finances include the Royal Bank of Scotland, Intesa SanPaolo, the Korean Development Bank, Standard Chartered Bank, the Australia and New Zealand Bank, BNP Paribas, DnB NOR Bank, Natixis and DZ Bank.
Feedstock for Singapore's new chemical complex
JAC expects the plant to use natural gas condensate from gas fields in the region as feedstock for the plant, although with so many refineries in Jurong there are numerous alternatives. It has signed feedstock agreements with BP, SK Energy and Glencore for a period of seven years. BP will supply 50,000 barrels a day of condensate and SK Energy and Glencore will each supply 25,000 barrels a day.
The plant is expected to produce 800,000t of paraxylene, 200,000t of orthoxylene, 450,000t of benzene and 25 million tonnes of petroleum products annually. All of these chemicals will be supplied to manufacturers of textiles and polymers in the Far East.
In August 2011, JAC signed $2.2bn worth of off-take contracts with SK Energy, Glencore, Jiangsu Sanfangxiang Group, BP and Vinmar.
Contracts awarded by the Jurong Aromatics Corporation
At the end of 2007, Sembawang Engineers and Constructors, a wholly owned subsidiary of India's Punj Lloyd's, was awarded a major turnkey contract on Jurong Aromatics Corporation's world-scale aromatics project. The contract was valued at $450m.
Under the terms of the contract, Sembawang E&C will be responsible for providing engineering, procurement and construction work on all ancillary facilities, including the intermediary and finished product storage facilities, the receiving and exporting jetties, a power and steam co-generation plant and the wastewater treatment unit, as well as other utilities and infrastructure.
In August 2010, JAC awarded a $950m contract for the construction of the aromatics plant to SK Engineering & Construction. Sembcorp Industries will provide utility services, including water and wastewater treatment, for 20 years.
In July 2011, Essar Projects was awarded a $320m engineering, procurement and construction contract for the project. The scope of work includes construction of storage tanks, jetties, pipelines and utilities.
In April 2012, Essar awarded an engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract to McConnell Dowell, for the marine works, on-shore civil works and all associated mechanical, piping and electrical and instrumentation works.
Japan-based Asahi Kasei Chemicals is constructing a new solution-polymerised styrene-butadiene rubber (S-SBR) production plant in Tembusu district, Jurong Island in Singapore.
ExxonMobil is set to become the largest petrochemicals company operating in Singapore.