Dow Chemical's Ethylene Production Plant, Freeport, Texas, United States of America
Dow Chemical started the construction of a new ethylene production facility (light hydrocarbon unit LHC-9) at its Freeport site in June 2014. The facility, slated for commissioning in the first half of 2017, will have a production capacity of approximately 1.5 million tonnes of ethylene per annum.
It is one of four facilities being constructed with an investment of $4bn at the Texas site. The other three facilities include a propylene production plant set to be commissioned in 2015, a chlor-alkali unit for the Dow-Mitsui chlor-alkali joint-venture (JV) and a new Dow AgroSciences plant. The projects are together expected to generate more than 350 permanent jobs and 4,500 construction jobs.
In April 2011, Dow Chemical announced its plan to increase ethylene and propylene production capacities in the US, formally announcing the construction of the ethylene facility at Freeport in April 2012, aiming to further benefit from the low cost of feedstock derived from the neighbouring Marcellus and Eagle Ford shale gas locations.
In May 2014, the project was granted the final greenhouse gas (GHG) Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) construction permit. Up to 2,000 people are expected to be involved during the construction phase and an additional 50 permanent jobs will be created at the site.
Location, facilities and construction
The facility is being constructed within the OC-2 block of the Oyster Creek complex at the Freeport site, which earlier housed the company's chlor-alkali unit II. The site covers an area of approximately 35 acres.
The new plant will feature eight new steam cracking-furnaces, a cooling tower, a pressure-assisted flare, a low-pressure flare, two backup diesel generators and storage tanks.
Freshwater for the plant will be sourced from the Brazos River, while a new wastewater treatment pipeline will be laid connecting the new facility to a wastewater treatment plant at the Plant B complex within the site.
Ethane feedstock required for the plant will be transported via a new 125.53km (78-mile) and 12-inch diameter pipeline from Mont Belvieu, where a new pump station will also be constructed. The ethylene produced from the plant will be further used as a feedstock for existing units at the site and the excess will be transported via pipeline to its underground storage facilities at Stratton Ridge, for further use at other sites in Texas and Louisiana.
Feedstock and processing technology
The Matrìca Project is being implemented by Matrìca, a 50/50 joint-venture (JV) between Eni's subsidiary Versalis (formerly Polimeri Europa) and Novamont.
Feedstock for the plant will be ethane and propane. Ethylene is produced by thermal cracking of the feedstock at 800°C-870°C in a tubular furnace, which then goes through purification or distillation for separation of heavy and light components.
Contractors for the project
The front end engineering and design (FEED) contract for the project was awarded to Technip in October 2012. The processing technology at the site will also be licenced by Technip.
Engineering, field services and construction management for the project's pipelines will be provided by Wood Group Mustang. URS Corporation performed biological assessment (BA) of the project site.
Dow Chemical's Freeport site
Dow's Freeport site started operations in 1941 and is the company's biggest integrated manufacturing site covering an area of approximately 7,000 acres. The site comprises four complexes, namely Plant A, Plant B, Oyster Creek and Salt Dome.
The Freeport site currently accounts for 44% of the company's products sold in the US and more than 21% of products sold globally. More than 4,200 employees and 3,800 contractors are present at the site.